Rural Planning Handbook

The Rural Planning Handbook Cover 2018
The Rural Planning Handbook 2018

The Levelling Up and Regeneration Act became law on 26 October. After a period when nothing much happened because of Brexit and then Covid, this makes significant changes to planning law, meaning that some of the material in the Rural Planning Handbook is now out of date. 
 Judging from commentaries upon the Bill as it passed,  the main areas of concern for impact developers, smallholders and homeless settlers are:
(1) The four year rule disappears and it is now a wait of ten years before one becomes immune from enforcement, whether the breach is operational development or change of use.
(2) According to Section 104, if we understand it correctly, someone subject to an enforcement notice cannot appeal against it if they have, within the previous  two years, been refused planning permission for the same matter  (whether or not they went to a planning appeal). The government states that the object is to ensure “there is only one opportunity to obtain planning permission retrospectively after unauthorised development has taken place.” 
(3) Planning applications will become mere expensive, through  double costs for retrospective applications, and fees for statutory consultees. 
 (4) There will be a new notice called an Enforcement Warning Notice, asking a person to submit a retrospective planning application 
Eventually a new edition of the Handbook will have to be produced. In the interim the book will be sold with an insert explaining the changes.
 For more information see
Simon Fairlie

“The Rural Planning Handbook is back in print
18 October 2019″


The Rural Planning Handbook (formerly the DIY Planning Handbook) is now available from Chapter 7, fully revised and considerably expanded, with a cover price of £25. It is published by Red Brick Books of Glastonbury. (July 2018)

The book has 250 double column pages, and 14 illustrations. It is edited and mostly written by Simon Fairlie, with chapters by Simon Ruston (Travellers), Erica Thompson (Wales) and Cathy Ashley (Scotland). There is also considerable input to several chapters from a former appeal Inspector who wishes to remain anonymous.

It is available at a reduced price of £20 if you pay by cheque, postal order or cash (cheques made out to Simon Fairlie), sent to Simon Fairlie, Monkton Wyld Court, Charmouth, Bridport, DT6 6DQ. Please include your name, address and phone number or email.

 If you wish to pay by bank transfer, please contact Simon at


The Contents of the Rural Planning  Handbook:

1. Introduction to the Mysteries of the Planning System
Understanding the mentality • An overview of the English planning system • Ground rules for an easy life • What should I do first — move on or apply for permission?
2 Permitted Development
What is and isn’t development? • What is permitted development? • A list of the most relevant permitted development rights
3 Making a Planning Application
Submitting a planning application • Putting in a convincing application • After submitting the application
4 Rural Workers’ Dwellings
What is a rural worker? • Essential need • The weight to be attached to the policy • The functional need test • The financial test • Other requirements • Temporary and permanent permission • Presenting your evidence • Conditions and section 106 agreements • The live-work alternative • The barn builder’s caravan gambit • Annex A of PPG7.
5 Non-Agricultural Dwellings
Twenty not very reliable ways to secure an affordable rural dwelling • Some thoughts on strategy • The Human Rights Act
6 Caravans
Definition of caravan • When is planning permission needed? • Permitted development, including seasonal use
7 Lawful Development Certificates
Four Years or Ten? • Ways to slip up • How to apply • Lawful Development Certificates in other situations
8 Appeals and Public Inquiries
What is an appeal? • Deciding whether to appeal • Submitting an appeal • Written representations • Hearings • Preparing for a public inquiry •The public inquiry: on the day • After the appeal
9 Examples of Relevant Appeal Decisions and Case Law
10 Enforcement
Overview of the enforcement regime • The barking stage • The biting stage
11 Gypsies and Travellers
Gypsy status: definition of gypsy/traveller • Planning policy for traveller sites • Determining planning applications
12 Wales
Planning law: more similar than different • Planning policy guidance: TAN6 • One Planet Development
13 Scotland
An introduction to planning law in Scotland • The Scottish planning system • Making a planning application • Permitted development • Appeals • Enforcement • Certificates of lawful use and development • Rural dwellings policies • Huts and hutting • Crofting • Other land issues
14 Resources, Index and Glossary

And here are two excerpts.

The Rural Planning Handbook 2018

From Chapter 1

Understanding the Mentality

The Rural Planning Handbook Cover 2018If you want to stake out a low impact home or livelihood on a piece of land in the countryside, you will probably, unless you are lucky, have to confront the planners. The best way to deal with them is to try and understand them and the system they work within.

This is no easy matter. Development control planners are a very odd bunch. Within a year or two of graduating from college they get sucked into an institutional value system that is arcanely masonic in the hold it has upon them. They are bound at every step by government guidance and development plan policies, their every action is liable to be vetted by their superiors and they are subject to pressures from all sorts of vested interests. Being human, they have their likes and dislikes, but these sympathies can only be expressed through circuitous advice and perverse signals. Like a crab constricted by its carapace, they find it easier to walk sideways.

As for the system, that too is bizarre. The 1947 Town and Country Planning Act was designed to stop ribbon development and unscrupulous capitalist development of the countryside. It is still the only protection we have to stop large areas of Britain becoming like a California suburb, and we should never forget that. Yet at the same time it has created a scarcity of building land that has forced low-income people out of the countryside and made rural England, in the words of a Cabinet Office report, “the near exclusive preserve of the more affluent sections of society.”

It is perfectly OK to see planners as interfering bureaucrats suppressing individual initiative in the interests of the state. But they are also the voice of society saying “Oi, that land doesn’t belong just to you; it also belongs to the rest of us, to the local community, to the flora and fauna, and to the planet as an interconnected ecosystem, now and into the future, and before you use that bit of land to satisfy your every petty need and fancy, we want to know that you’re going to do this in a way that respects all of us who have an interest in that land.”

The planners and the planning system are there to make you think about the way you use your land. Do you really need to live on it or are you just indulging a desire to live in attractive surroundings, that if pursued by everyone would result in the destruction of the countryside? Are you prepared to take on looking after 20 acres — wouldn’t you be better off living in a village close to the school and the shop, and gardening an allotment that won’t be ransacked by deer and badgers? Is living on your land really going to minimize your car use, or are you in fact going to use more petrol going off to part-time jobs, nipping off to a decent pub three villages away, ferrying your kids to extra-curricular activities or inviting your mates round for supper?

The planning system isn’t particularly good at raising these issues (though it’s surprising how it can home in upon them in a well-conducted public inquiry). But no other social process raises them, and they are matters that should be considered by anyone contemplating a move to the countryside. The real problem is that the rich commuters who buy up all the existing rural dwellings, with their barns and pony paddocks don’t have to think about such matters at all.

The Rural Planning Handbook 2018

From Chapter 5:

(iv) Single Plot Exception Site Policy


The Rural Planning Handbook Cover 2018The Single Plot Exception Policy represents the best opportunity for anyone seeking permission to build an affordable home in the countryside through mainstream channels. This enlightened policy was pioneered by South Shropshire District Council, then taken up by the whole county when it became a unitary authority in the last series of boundary changes. The policy enables one-off self-builders to take advantage of the rural exception site policy through a specially devised legal agreement with the local authority which ensures that the house stays affordable when it comes up for sale. It means that if you have secured a plot of affordable land on the edge of a village you can get planning consent to build an affordable home without having to negotiate with the cumbersome bureaucracy of a housing association or contribute to the salaries of the professionals who staff them. You don’t need to initiate a housing survey because you yourself are the evidence of demand.

In Shropshire the policy has been very successful. Between 2009 and 2015, 256 houses were given planning consent, and only two changed hands. The policy was used by the Karuna permaculture project to obtain permission for a low impact dwelling after the project had been refused permission as an agricultural dwelling at appeal (see p.9.2).

A further potential advantage is that with single plots there is no question of housing density, and so there are better prospects for securing a house with access to land than there are with a multiple plot rural exception site. Karuna, mentioned above, is an 18 acre smallholding.

The main limitation with it is that (like other affordable housing policies) it only applies to people with a strong local connection. This is defined differently by different councils, but living or working in the area for a period such as 12 months is often the main criterion. Local people should have priority, no doubt, but people who move around, are as much in need of affordable housing as people who stay put.

The policy is described in the Shropshire Council Build Your Own Affordable Home Information Pack. Although it was introduced in 2006, and has been successful, it seems to have been taken up by only a few local authorities, for example Purbeck in Dorset and East Lindsey in Lincolnshire who have also produced useful supplementary guidance (supplied in Polish, Portuguese and other foreign languages, suggesting that some immigrants in this part of Lincolnshire are developing “strong local connections”). Mendip has a policy lined up in its emerging plan.

The single plot policy, despite the emphasis on local connections, offers one of the best models for meeting the huge demand for affordable low impact homes on the edge of rural settlements. Anyone who is looking to build one should be lobbying their local authority to introduce such a policy.

If there is no such policy in your local authority’s plan, it may still be worth citing this approach if you are applying for a dwelling on land that is next to a settlement (a fundamental requirement of all exception site policies) and hence not isolated (thereby potentially conforming to Para 55 of the NPPF). Refer to the policies in South Shropshire, E Lyndsey, Purbeck and Mendip local plans; and submit also the model Section 106 legal agreement securing the affordability of the house, which Purbeck provide on their website.

Simon Fairlie
Monkton Wyld Court
01297 561359

The Rural Planning Handbook Cover 2018
The Rural Planning Handbook 2018

a landrights campaign for Britain

%d bloggers like this: